An automatic irrigation system is a gift of technological progress to many gardeners, owners of personal plots. Our grandparents could not dream of it, taking water for irrigation from traditional wells. Of course, autowatering is able to facilitate the maintenance of the garden. It is about this system, about the rules of its structure that we will discuss in this article.
Getting out of a stuffy city to their summer cottage, few people want to see it completely paved or laid with paving stones, even if it looks very nice and neat. Everyone aspires to nature, with its greenery and fresh air, with green lawns and a well-groomed garden. And the vegetables grown on their own site, to any table will be most welcome. Of course, you can not do without asphalt paths, small areas designed for arbors and benches. However, for them, as a rule, a secondary role is assigned. Undoubtedly, all these green spaces require considerable labor and time-consuming. Maintain all your greens in order, you can only by applying a lot of effort.
Watering is the most time-consuming process in caring for your entire green economy. It is hard to imagine how long it will take to water a medium-sized plot. At least half a day. To facilitate the work of man, an automatic irrigation system was invented and developed that works almost without human intervention. The mechanism of its action is quite simple, at the programmed time, it turns on and irrigates all areas requiring irrigation. In this case, you do not need to get up early in the morning. In reality, the operation of the system is almost invisible to the owner of the site.
How is the automatic watering system arranged?
The basis of the entire irrigation system is a complex of pumps that distribute and supply water even to the most remote sections of your farmyard; a small computer works with it. It is from him that teams are given, having received which pumps are turned on and supply water to special hydraulic nozzles, so they spray water on all available plantings. It should be noted that water is supplied through an extensive piping system. They are placed in the ground at a sufficient depth so that it is impossible to damage them, carrying out various kinds of earthwork.
The design of the sprayer integrated in the nozzle determines the sector of irrigation, which can vary in different sizes. This can be a 360 degree circular spray or a point-directed jet. All details of irrigation depend on the terrain plan, on the location of paths and areas where it is necessary to irrigate.
The nozzle is one of the most important elements of an automatic irrigation system. When it is inoperative, it is not easy to detect among lush vegetation, since it is flush with the surface of the earth and is almost covered by grass. However, only water is supplied to the system, which means that pressure is created, the nozzles instantly rise above the surface on which watering will be carried out, and then the sprayed moisture will fall on every plant that needs watering.
Partial watering - This function of the automatic irrigation system is most in demand, because it allows you to save water, and therefore electric energy. In this case, the system is programmed to irrigate a specific area, which at the moment is most in need of moisture. After all, the same lawns are completely unnecessary to water every day, the same can be said of other plants.
Many of the plants do not need frequent watering, it is enough to irrigate them once a week, others require watering every other day. Moisture is needed even less often for trees. That is why when planning your site, it is necessary to divide it into irrigation zones, where watering will be carried out at different times of the day and on different days. This was made possible thanks to an automatic irrigation system equipped with a high-quality and reliable program.
To distinguish between the allocated zones, special solenoid valves are installed in the irrigation system, which are installed on the branching pipes. Here, in the places where the valves are protected, protected from water, technical hatches are mounted. Simultaneously with the command to turn on the pumps, there is a signal to the corresponding solenoid valves. They are opened and watering is carried out only in a pre-programmed zone.
Root or capillary irrigation
The use of a capillary irrigation system is assumed either by the requirements for caring for a particular plant, when constant and not intensive watering is required, or saving water if the site is located in an arid zone where there is a lack of moisture. The mechanism of action of this method is similar to the previous one, however, there are some differences. It does not require the use of pumps, the system is directly connected to the domestic water supply instead of pumps special dispensers are arranged. Water flows to the site by gravity, and the dispensers set the frequency of the droplets that are released through the nozzles to the ground.
In the event that the capillary irrigation system is powered from an individual source, then two methods of irrigation device are most often used, each of which works using pumps. With one of them, the water pump is pumped into a special storage tank, which is located above ground level, and then the water flows by gravity through mechanical dispensers. A very economical method in which the cost of electricity is practically reduced to zero. The second method involves the use of special piston pushers for water. Irrigation occurs due to the reciprocating motion of the piston, which ensures the supply of water drops in a certain period of time.
So that excess moisture does not destroy the plants, it is necessary to correctly calculate the amount and frequency of the supplied moisture. However, its lack is not the best way to affect the growth rate of the plant. When setting up the system, use the services of at least two specialists. One will determine the amount of moisture needed, the other will adjust the capillary flow of water.