As practice shows, even professional tilers have flaws when working. Nowadays, you can easily avoid them using modern developments. The tile alignment system (SVP) is the last word in the technology of laying from ceramics, as well as porcelain.
The purpose of this device is a more convenient alignment of masonry elements on the surface of the floor and walls. Such a system is suitable for material with a thickness of 5 to 20 mm.
Advantages over traditional styling
Using swp for laying ceramic tiles has many advantages:
- the system itself aligns the tiles at one level, preventing subsidence of its edges and height differences between adjacent plates;
- when the glue dries, the tile will not move from its place;
- the use of svp provides uniform seams with a width of 1.5 mm, but if thicker gaps are needed, plastic crosses will have to be used;
- the laying process is noticeably simplified and its speed increases, even with little work experience, a result worthy of a specialist is obtained.
The tile alignment system is easy to operate. The installation procedure is as follows:
- The first step is to prepare a mixture of tile glue according to the manufacturer's instructions. It is important to mix the ingredients in the correct proportions to get the necessary consistency - not too thick and not too liquid.
- Then it is stacked as usual, leveling with the help of a level.
- Next up is the SVP - eight clamps are installed on the edges of the tile, two on each side, 5 cm from the corner. Saving by putting one or two clamps on all four corners is not possible.
- Plastic crosses are installed in the corners so that the gaps are uniform over the entire surface area.
- Next, the second part of the system is installed - wedges. They are inserted into the clamps so as to ensure a snug fit to the surface of both adjacent tiles. In this way, the occurrence of a height difference between the edges of the masonry elements is avoided.
- After the tile glue has completely dried, the wedges together with the upper part of the clamp are removed by blow of a rubber mallet. Remains of the clamps remain in the joints.
- After this, the tile must be grouted, remove excess with a damp cloth and allowed to dry.
- Ceramic tile is ready for use.
The table shows the approximate consumption of parts of the SVP per square meter, depending on the linear dimensions of the tile:
Given the relatively high cost of the clamps, you can see that the benefits of using the system are only available when using large tiles; when laying small over a large area, the cost of consumables can even exceed the cost of the tile itself.
Domestic and foreign systems
It is worth noting that the design of our and foreign systems is different. Domestic tile alignment system consists of the clamps and wedges described above. The wedges are reusable, and the clamps remain in the joints between the tiles. Foreign systems are arranged less simply - their installation and removal require a special tool.
It is necessary to take into account all the pros and cons of both options in order to choose the most suitable.
It consists of a screed and retainer and has the following advantages:
- material quality;
- the design of the bottom of the screed is flexible and allows you to fix the tile up to 20 mm thick;
- screeds from nylon are easily removed with forceps;
- the screed is guaranteed to break exactly in the specified place, which eliminates the possibility of leaving unremoved pieces of clamp over the surface of the tile;
- screed thickness - 0.8 mm, due to which the seams are thin.
- unreliable fastening of clamps;
- weak pressing of a tile. If you try to squeeze harder, the ties may break;
- reusable clamps last for a short time;
- excessively high cost.
Our swp has such advantages:
- simple and reliable design;
- high-quality fixing is provided, clamps do not break;
- more convenient work process: details do not need to be prepared, can be installed immediately during tile laying;
It also has cons:
- low quality materials;
- To remove the system, the clamps simply need to be hit with a rubber mallet, which must be done very carefully - if the blow is at an angle to the surface of the coating, the clamp will break in the wrong place.
In principle, both options are good in their own way, and one of them is difficult to recommend. The choice should be based on personal preferences and financial capabilities.
DIY system option
In order not to waste money on plastic clamps and wedges, you can make usable parts of the system yourself:
- The easiest way is to make a system of aluminum wire with a diameter of one and a half millimeters - it is easy to twist and tear it.
- A rectangular loop is made with a length of 15 mm and a width of 9 mm, the edges of the wire are twisted.
- The lower part of the clamp, which lies under the tile, is made of a piece of metal profile, plate or other similar flat material.
- This simple design is assembled like this: the plate rests on the side of the loop that is opposite to twisting, then this home-made clip is installed at the edge of the tile.
- The tile is pressed with a plastic wedge threaded into an aluminum loop. For greater density, you can press it with a piece of fiberboard.
- When the tile is fixed, and the glue dries, the clamps are removed, and the protruding part of the loop is cut with nippers.
Summarizing all of the above, we can draw the following conclusion: SVP will be an excellent option for those who want to put it beautifully without possessing developed skills in this matter, and are afraid to get an unsatisfactory result.
Achieving excellent alignment of ceramics on one level over the entire floor area is undeniable. For professional tilers, the system will not be the best device for laying, since its cost is too high.