The Smart Home or SmartHouse system appeared in the USA at the end of the last century. Then the owners of spacious houses with a large number of rooms, in each of which there were a lot of electronics, were faced with the problem of managing all this equipment. Many remotes that were constantly lost were replaced with one multifunctional one. Turning off and on a variety of household appliances, then intellectual tasks for protecting the home, as well as saving water and electricity, added to its first functions for managing media and lighting over time.
Today, "Smart Home" is a multifunctional system that helps the owner take care of his own home, ensures its comfort and safety. It manages all household appliances, with the help of various sensors it monitors the condition of the house, and in case of any emergency it immediately informs the owner by SMS or via the Internet. System management is also carried out using a computer or telephone.
Many of our fellow citizens mistakenly assume that the installation of the Smart Home system is more of an attempt by the owners to splurge, stand out and improve their social status. In fact, this is not so, smart solutions on the contrary are designed to reduce the costs of homeowners, making their lives more economical. "Smart Home" allows you to save electricity by automatically turning off household appliances and lights in rooms where you are not, helps to more wisely treat water consumption, as well as reduce the cost of protecting the house.
Many subsystems are usually integrated into a single network of a system, namely:
- lighting and mechanization (opening gates, doors, heated steps);
- Ventilation and air conditioning;
- gas and gas leakage control;
- fire alarm;
- communication networks, access to the premises and video surveillance;
- telemetry - remote monitoring, IP monitoring - remote control, GSM monitoring - remote informing;
- power supply: uninterrupted power supply of industrial sources, emergency switching on of diesel generators and reserve.
What gives a person an "intellectual home"?
Firstly, it is comfort: from a single remote control or smartphone, you can control household appliances and all systems at home, program and configure their operating modes, as well as on / off times.
Secondly, of course, security: security cameras will show which "guest" is creeping into your home. And, for example, the multimedia and lighting periodically turned on by the timer in your absence will create an imaginary effect of presence when you are not at home. The system will warn you about the fire and the fire system, turn off the gas and appliances, call the fire brigade or itself will put out the fire.
Thirdly, we anticipate serious savings: metering devices help to save gas and water, and up to 70 percent save energy.
And finally, the possibilities for further improvement: today, for example, refrigerators are being developed that themselves can control the food supplies, and in case of urgent need - order them in the store. So the capabilities of the system will only grow over time.