The mean northern sun, the sharp cold wind, the gray sea with blocks of ice, the gloomy sky - in such harsh conditions, the Scandinavian style in interior design has developed for centuries. Later, Christianity came to the countries of Scandinavia than to other countries of Europe, and pagan beliefs are still strong there, which implies a special attitude to nature. Perhaps that is why in Scandinavia there is such a strong addiction to natural materials in the interior.
The climate of Scandinavia is similar to the climate in our latitudes, so it will fit most harmoniously into the interior of Russian apartments or houses. Let us determine what features are most inherent in the Scandinavian style in the interior. What solutions and materials should you pay attention to?
First of all, it is a tree, a tree, and again a tree. It is used both for construction and for the manufacture of furniture and interior items. At the same time, wood is minimally processed to emphasize the natural properties and appearance of this material. For this purpose, wood is not covered with paint, it is unpopular in this style. Often used colorless varnish or transparent compositions for tinting, which do not hide, but, on the contrary, emphasize the natural texture of a natural wooden coating. The wood here has a floor, sometimes walls, and sometimes even a ceiling. But still, more often in the apartments of citizens, the ceiling and walls are painted or pasted with wallpaper in bright colors - pastel, more often warm.
Furniture only from natural materials. Usually it is glued beam or multilayer plywood from oak, beech. Shelled veneer, a material that first appeared in Denmark, is also increasingly being used. Furniture is light and elegant, without an abundance of accessories, but very reliable and functional, because the hallmark of the design in the Scandinavian style is light and space, the interior is not overloaded with furniture.
The love of the adherents of this style to natural materials does not deny the use of modern materials, such as plastic, glass, chrome, aluminum, etc. This mainly concerns lighting devices. By the way, there is a lot of light in the Scandinavian interior, because the long dark winter is an unpleasant reality of the northern countries, and filling the home with light is a completely natural desire. The light sources are laconic shapes, dim, monophonic. Crystal, gilded, elaborate forms of chandeliers and sconces are not honored here, only strict geometric shapes, table and floor lamps made of glass, chrome, plastic, metal. Sometimes, to "dilute" the interior monochrome, a bright and saturated color of the lampshade is allowed.
The color scheme of the interior is light, the colors are mostly warm, muted - white, sand, light yellow, light green. Of the cold colors, the colors of the sky and the sea are popular - soft tones of blue and various shades of gray, which again echoes the surrounding nature.
There are a lot of textiles in the interior - furniture decoration, fabric covers. Applied art items are common - knitted blankets, sofa cushions, tablecloths, napkins. They can be bright colors, which do not contrast with the main gamut, but only enliven and support it. Light translucent curtains without draperies also respond to the desire to fill the living room with light as much as possible.
If there are paintings, then they are in strict narrow frames. Classical painting and sculpture, vases and figurines made of crystal and expensive glass are not typical of the Scandinavian style. But living plants here are very out of place - there are many, they revive and decorate the home, remind of the imminent spring and summer.
So, to summarize: the Scandinavian style is light, reliable, restrained and harmonious, the personification of comfort, leisureliness and thoroughness. It is multifunctional, and is perfect for creativity and relaxation, thanks to which it has become so widespread today.